Iwaniak, Anna; Minkiewicz, Piotr; Darewicz, Małgorzata; Sieniawski, Krzysztof; Starowicz, Piotr
Food Res Int 85 155-161 (2016).
Drug Design Published: (Jan/2016)
Peptides and amino acids belong to compounds that influence the taste of foods. The aim of this study was to develop a database of sensory peptides and amino acids. Information about the taste of the analyzed compounds was obtained from sensory studies described in the literature. The database of sensory peptides and amino acids has identical structure to the BIOPEP database of biologically active peptides. The information about sensory peptides and amino acids was inserted into the database using standard BIOPEP layouts for bioactive peptides. Information about the biological activity of sensory peptides was obtained from BIOPEP and other databases. The information annotated in the BIOPEP database of sensory peptides and amino acids includes: sequence written in a one-letter code, information about taste, reference, structure written with the use of chemical codes (SMILES, InChI and InChIKey), bioactivity data (mainly inhibition of proteolytic enzymes), if applicable, and ID numbers from other biological and chemical databases. The database contains tools for determining the location of peptides in protein sequences (profiles of potential sensory activity), comparing protein sequences as precursors of sensory peptides based on the frequency of sensory fragments as a quantitative descriptor, simulating proteolysis and calculating novel parameters for quantitative description of simulated proteolysis. The BIOPEP database of sensory peptides and amino acids is available at http://www.uwm.edu.pl/biochemia/index.php/pl/biopep. It is an open access resource that does not require user registration.